ASTM D2665: A Complete Guide

The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) develops various standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services that serve as a basis for product testing, quality control, and product evaluation in different industries. One of which is the ASTM D2665— the ASTM standard for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) plastic drain, waste, and …

ASTM D2665: A Complete Guide Read More »

All About 18/8 Stainless Steel

Stainless steels are a group of low-carbon iron-based alloys known for their resistance to corrosion. All in all, there are over 60 grades of stainless steels which can be classified into five families according to crystalline structure: austenite, ferrite, martensite, duplex, and precipitation hardening. This article focuses on the most common grade which is the …

All About 18/8 Stainless Steel Read More »

Specific Heat of Metals

The unique thermal properties of metals make them a valuable material in applications and industrial processes that require the use and manipulation of heat such as in manufacturing, construction, transportation, and energy production, among others. One of the crucial properties that affect their thermal behavior is specific heat. Specific Heat Of Metals The specific heat …

Specific Heat of Metals Read More »

Air Resistance Calculator

As an object moves through air, it will be subject to an air resistance force. This force is related to a number of parameters specific to a scenario, with the object’s velocity having the largest impact on the air resistance. Air Resistance Calculator Calculating air resistance The force imparted on an object moving through the …

Air Resistance Calculator Read More »

Equivalent Lengths of Pipe Fittings

Pipe fittings including tees, elbows, bends, couplings, and valves contribute a substantial amount of pressure loss in a piping system. Hence, it is important to take them into account during the design process in order to properly size the motors and pumps needed to transport the process fluid within the system. One way to estimate …

Equivalent Lengths of Pipe Fittings Read More »

Pipe Flow Calculator

Volumetric Flow Rate In Pipes The volumetric flow rate of a fluid through a pipe is not constant across the cross-section. In fact, the flow rate will exhibit a trend similar to that shown in the figure below: As seen in the figure, the average velocity, Vavg, is used to calculate the volumetric flow rate …

Pipe Flow Calculator Read More »

Scroll to Top
Complete... 50%
Please enter your name and email address below to receive a link to the ebook.

You’ll also receive regular tips to help you master Excel for engineering.

Complete... 50%


You’re almost there! Please enter your email address below to get started with your free training:



By Charlie Young, P.E.

Take your engineering to the next level with advanced Excel skills.


Learn advanced engineering techniques in Excel with this limited time free video training.

Click the button below to get started today.